Driving is both a necessity and a convenience.
It has been considered as a life skill for decades.
As a matter of fact, in Singapore, a progressive country in Southeast Asia, high school students may not be permitted to graduate unless they know how to drive a car.
Driving is also a form of catharsis for many. Because of its undeniable benefits, driving has been one of the measures to a person’s dexterity and discipline.
Therefore, you must be able to drive smoothly without fear of getting into trouble while you are situated in the middle of a long highway.
When you wish to replace wheel studs on drum brakes, what you would need are the right tools, and you will be good to go.
You can actually do it yourself to save yourself from spending a handsome amount on calling a mechanic to fix up the mess, and this is the sole reason why this guide will provide you with the step by step direction on how to go about it.
Though the following steps will be elucidated in details, you will need to consult your car manual to understand the particulars of your specific make, model, and body type.
In most cases, broken wheel studs are caused by tightening of the lug nuts without using a torque wrench. You can fix this in less than an hour using the guide presented.
The Things Needed to Replace Wheel Studs on Drum Brakes;
- A Respirator
- Hub Cap
- Lug Nuts
- Wheel Chocks
- Jack Stand
- Penetrating Oil
- Screw Driver
- Brake Shoe
Step by Step Guide on How to Replace Wheel Studs on Disc and Drum Brakes
1. Secure Your Own Safety By Putting on Respirator
The hard work of replacing wheel studs on drum brakes is a dirty and delicate one as it involves finely ground asbestos or brake dust, which, if breathed in, can be detrimental to your health.
It is important that, before you start working on it, you first have to make sure that you have a mask on which is designed for filtering asbestos.
The mask should not be the common paper ones which are found all over town, but it is recommended for you to purchase a special one.
Make sure that the place you are doing the replacement is clear of kids and pets because the air around the area is not clean and they may inhale it.
2. Make Sure That The Hubcap Is Removed And The Lug Nuts Are Loosened
The front wheel should be blocked using wheel chocks. Then you jack up the car, supporting it with jack stands.
You should never try to work on the car while it is supported on the jack alone as it is very dangerous.
It is adamantly advised for you never to try using blocks of bricks or wood as they can be crushed down and cause an accident. Proceed to remove the nuts and then the tire.
3. Spray on The Hub of The Wheel
After everything is out, you need to make sure that you spray on the hub of the wheel with penetrating oil.
4. Pull The Brake Drum By Grabbing It By The Edges
You can twist it as you bring it out, as that will help in making it easier to come out.
To remove the drum, you might be forced to back off the brake adjuster to accomplish this.
You can do this through adjusting the brakes in the drum hole or using the brake adjuster tool on the backing plate which you will use to turn the adjuster to remove the drum by loosening the brakes.
You should know your brakes as some of the brake drums are normally held on with screws, so you have to remove them first.
5. Take A Closer Look At The Drum
Just in case you find out that the drum has been scored, then it has to be either refaced or replaced.
It is compelling to keep in mind that there are several levers and springs in your drum brakes for the parking brakes and self-adjuster.
You can actually have the ability to differentiate them through the colours. To be sure that you will return everything as it was, make sure you take a photo of it before disintegrating it.
6. Place The Whole System In A Container and Sprayed With Brake Cleaner
When you keep them in a container, you help the dust from becoming airborne; the dust, which is asbestos proves dangerous.
And that is why you need to put on a special respirator so you would not be able to inhale it.
7. Compare The New And The Old Brake Shoe
The comparison will enable you to replace the brake with a similar one. It can be done by you checking out the holes and ensuring that, they are in the same places.
Depending on the type of your vehicle, some have two different shoes called trailing and leading shoes. Make sure that, your brake shoes are of the same width.
8. Replacing The Brake
Return the shoe after you have removed it, then the parking brake lever should be detached next.
After that, you should hold the shoe by retaining pin from the back, and then you remove the retainer springs.
You should then spread the shoes apart starting from the top and then disengage it from the wheel cylinder pins.
The next thing you should tackle is both the self-adjuster and the shoe. Lay the old shoe on the ground next to the new and make sure that they are the same.
In order to loosen the tension, you will have to tip the tops of the shoes inward, which is in the self-adjuster spring. It will enable you to remove the self-adjuster.
The next and final step will be to inspect and clean all the parts of the brake which will be reused and in case there are signs of wear and tear, make sure to replace.
There you go!
Follow these steps orderly and get it done all by yourself and let us know in the comments below.